How to Treat a Cat’s Broken Nail: Vet-Approved Advice & FAQ
Cats are curious creatures and sometimes get into accidents, which can lead to injuries like a broken nail. If your cat has injured its nail, it’s important to know how to properly treat the wound in order to help your pet heal quickly and comfortably. Here is what you need to do when treating a broken nail in a cat.
Before We Begin
Before you start treating the wound at home, it’s important to make sure that doing so is in your cat’s best interest rather than taking them to the vet. If you notice blood, your cat is limping or constantly licking their paw, or your cat does not let you near their paw, a trip to the vet should be the first course of action. Cat nail injuries can be very painful. Sometimes the loose fragment of the nail is hanging off and needs to be trimmed before you start, otherwise, your cat won’t be happy with the manipulation. Given typical cat behavior and their ability to hide signs of disease, it is also possible that the nail injury happened a few days back and there is already an infection forming. If that is the case, you may notice a bad smell, pus-like discharge, and signs of pain. This requires vet intervention as soon as possible so that the infection gets prompt treatment and does not spread to the bone, for example.
Once you know you can deal with your cat’s nail at home, make sure you have everything you need. Gather a pair of gloves, cotton swab, antiseptic wash or cream, gauze pads, and scissors. Do not forget your cat’s favorite treats! It is also helpful to have someone else present during the treatment in case your cat gets too distressed and needs to be comforted. A towel or a small blanket may be necessary in case you need to comfort your cat using the “burrito technique.”1
The 3 Steps to Treat a Cat’s Broken Nail
1. Clean the wound area
Use a cotton swab dipped in antiseptic wash and gently apply it around the nail bed. This will help get rid of any dirt or debris and kill any bacteria that may be present and reduce the risk of infection.
2. Trim away any damaged nail
Use nail clippers to gently trim off any part of the broken nail that is still attached to the skin. Be sure that you don’t cut too deeply: you should not go beyond the pink line (the little blood vessel that runs through your cat’s nail), as this could cause further damage.
3. Monitor your cat’s progress
Keep an eye on your pet over the next few days to make sure the nail is healing properly. If you notice any signs of infection, contact your veterinarian immediately for further treatment.
How to Change Your Cat’s Bandages
A broken nail should not need a dressing. However, here is a guide on how to change your cat’s bandage in case it is recommended by your vet:
To do this:
Gather your supplies. Make sure you have everything you need such as a pair of gloves, antiseptic wash, gauze pads, and scissors.
Remove the old bandage. Carefully unstick the medical tape and remove the gauze pads from the wound area.
Clean the wounded area with antiseptic wash or cream once again to reduce the risk of infection.
Dry thoroughly since excess moisture promotes the growth of bacteria and yeast.
Apply a fresh layer of gauze pads and secure them with medical tape.
Monitor your cat’s progress over the next few 24 hours to ensure that they are keeping the dressing in place. If at any point you notice signs of discomfort or infection, contact your veterinarian immediately for further treatment instructions.
How to Tell if Your Cat’s Paw Is Infected
It’s important to monitor your cat’s paw for signs of infection, such as redness or swelling, increased pain, foul-smelling discharge, or excessive licking. If you notice any of these symptoms, contact your veterinarian immediately so they can prescribe appropriate antibiotics and/or other treatments.
The 10 Tips to Keep Your Cat Calm During Treatment
Some cats, especially those who are afraid or in pain, can be difficult to handle.
Here are a few strategies to help keep your cat calm during treatment:
Speak in a soft, calming voice.
Offer treats as rewards for good behavior.
Wrap them up in a warm blanket or towel to provide comfort and reduce anxiety.
Give them plenty of space so they don’t feel trapped or overwhelmed.
Use distraction techniques such as playing music or offering toys to distract their attention away from the procedure.
Consider using a protective collar, if necessary, to prevent them from licking the wound site too much and further irritating it.
Take things slowly and give your cat frequent breaks throughout the procedure if needed, so they don’t become too stressed.
Keep the wound area clean and dry, as this will also help reduce infection risk.
Offer your cat plenty of love and cuddles to show them that you are there for them during this time.
If possible, it is helpful to have someone else present during the treatment in case your cat gets too distressed and needs to be comforted.
When to Treat at Home and When to Let the Vet Handle It
It is important to remember that while some minor injuries can be treated at home, any wound should first be seen by a veterinarian, as soon as possible. In particular, if you notice blood, a visible open wound, or signs of infection, it is critical to seek veterinary advice rather than attempting to treat it yourself. Your vet may recommend painkillers, antibiotics, or other medications for your cat to help prevent or fight infection and reduce inflammation and pain.
In some cases, a veterinarian may need to perform surgery in order to repair more serious wounds or fractures. Your vet may also recommend special bandages or splints to help protect the wound and give it time to heal properly.
How often should I change my cat’s bandage?
It is best to change the bandage at least every 24 hours, or as often as directed by your veterinarian.
How long does it take for a cat’s broken nail to heal?
The healing process can vary depending on the severity of the injury. Generally, it takes at least 4–6 weeks for a broken nail to heal completely.
Is there anything else I should do to help my cat’s broken nail heal faster?
Make sure you keep your cat indoors and prevent them from licking the broken nail. Monitor their progress closely and speak to your veterinarian if in doubt. You can also consider giving your cat extra TLC by providing them with lots of cuddles and love while they recover.
Is there a chance of infection if I don’t treat my cat’s broken nail properly?
A: Yes, there is always a risk of infection when dealing with any type of wound. It is important to follow your vet’s instructions for treatment and monitor the area closely for signs of infection. If you notice any redness or swelling, foul-smelling discharge, excessive licking, or increased pain, contact your veterinarian immediately.
Are there any home remedies I can use to help my cat’s broken nail heal?
No. It is important to follow your veterinarian’s instructions for treatment and monitor the area closely. Home remedies are not recommended as they can be ineffective or even worsen the injury.
Should I take my cat in for a checkup after the wound has healed?
Yes. It is always a good idea to take your cat for a checkup once the nail has healed, just to make sure there are no lingering issues or complications. This will also give you peace of mind knowing that your cat is fully recovered.
What should I do if the wound is bleeding excessively?
In this case, it is important to seek veterinary help as soon as possible. Apply gentle pressure to the wound with a clean cloth or gauze and contact your veterinarian immediately. They may advise you on further steps to take or ask you to bring your cat in for emergency treatment.
What if it’s a feral cat?
If you find a feral cat with an injured nail, it is best to contact your local wildlife or animal rescue organization. They will be able to provide the best advice on how to help the cat and treat their injury. It is important not to attempt to treat a feral cat yourself, as they may be difficult to handle and can possibly become aggressive.
Can my dog groomer fix a cat’s broken nail?
No. Your dog groomer should not attempt to fix a cat’s broken nail, as they are not trained in the proper techniques for managing the delicate circulatory system of cats’ nails. It is best to seek veterinary advice for any injury or issue involving your cat’s nails. If the nail has a ridge or crack that needs to be addressed, it’s perfectly appropriate for your groomer to do this. If it’s more than a cosmetic issue, you’re better off going to a vet.
Can a broken nail be painful for my cat?
Yes, a broken nail can be quite painful for cats. It is important to seek medical attention if you notice any signs of pain or discomfort, such as limping, licking excessively, or avoiding contact. Your veterinarian can provide medication to control your cat’s pain and lessen their suffering!
Treating a broken nail in cats is not always easy but it can be done with the right steps. Be sure to take the correct precautions when caring for your pet’s wound and contact your veterinarian if you have any concerns or questions. With a little patience and care, you can help ensure that your cat gets back to feeling better and being active in no time.
Featured Image Credit: ashshkna, Shutterstock