All the Colors and Types of the Doberman Pinscher Dog

Doberman Pinschers

Doberman Pinscher Dogs come in different colors just like most dogs. We’re going to show you the different color variations.

Origin and History of Doberman Pinschers

Doberman Pinscher Dog

Originating in Germany, the Doberman pinscher dog was developed by a tax collector named Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann in the late 19th century. His goal was to create a breed that was both protective and loyal. Over the years, the Doberman has become a popular choice for various roles, including police work, search and rescue, and, of course, as a loving family companion.

6 Common and Not-So-Common Doberman Colors Canines Can Be Born With

When most people think of the Doberman breed, they picture a black dog with brown spots. This is a misconception of the breed, though. While these coat colors highly recognize them, they are also born with other colors. Here are the 6 Doberman colors you will hear about the most.

  • Standard Black & Brown (AKA Black & Tan / Black & Rust)
  • Red Doberman (AKA Red & Brown / Red & Rust)
  • Fawn Doberman (AKA Isabella or Cinnamon)
  • Blue Doberman (AKA Gray or Silver)
  • White Doberman (AKA White & Tan or Albino)
  • Black Doberman (AKA Black & Melanistic)

A Look At The Different Colors Doberman Breeds Are Born With

Different Colors Doberman Breeds

Black & Brown (AKA Black & Tan / Black & Rust)

The most common coat Dobermans are born with is the black and tan colors (the tan part is also referred to as brown or rust). People recognize the coat color because it is the breed usually seen in television and movies. A fallacy many people have with this colored Doberman breed is that they are dangerous. However, their demeanor is not defined by the coat’s color.

The rust color gives the breed a shiny, sleek look, but it can also lead to health issues. For example, they may suffer heat-related conditions when out in direct sunlight or high temperatures.

Brown or Red Doberman (AKA Red & Brown / Red & Rust)

Brown or Red Doberman

Another standard Doberman breed color is red and rust. It’s just about as common as the black and brown coloration. The coat of red Dobermans can range from dark chocolate to light copper. Since red Dobermans have various shades to their coat, each region of the world calls them something different. For example, Europeans will designate red Dobermans as brown.

Many Doberman owners report that the red, rust-colored Dobermans have a friendly temperament and are not as territorial as other colored Dobermans. While Dobermans do suffer from skin problems, it’s the red and rust breeds that suffer more. Although they are minor, treatable problems, they are regularly susceptible to them. These problems include hair loss and acne.

Fawn Doberman (AKA Isabella or Cinnamon)

Fawn Doberman

Fawn Dobermans are a dilution of the red Dobermans. A Fawn Doberman is a light red color. These color Dobermans are often also called cinnamon or Isabella colors.

While they are a lot more rare than the two standard types (black & tan and red & tan), they are not necessarily rare. They are more of a genetic gamble where both the mother and father carry the dilute gene.

Many Doberman breeders with solid reputations will know if their dogs carry these genes and won’t mate a pair if they both carry this dilute gene. Smaller breeders or hobby breeders tend to not have a budget/or desire to do this testing. They showcase the Fawn Doberman as rare and sell it at a higher price.

Blue Doberman (AKA Gray or Silver)

Where the Fawn Doberman above is a dilute breed of the red/brown; the Blue Doberman is a dilution of the black (and tan/brown).

The blue Doberman is also called a silver or gray Doberman. A gray Doberman may have a purple, silver, or charcoal gray tone.

The same dilute rules are in play with the Blue Doberman. Both parents must carry the gene in order to get one.

Even though there are no medical reasons to not breed both the Blue and Fawn Dobermans if the parents are healthy, there is still some discrimination against them. All four colors we have mentioned are accepted in the AKC, however, only black/rust and red/rust are acceptable colors in Europe.

Some dog shows deny the Fawn & Blue breed’s entrance, saying their colors disqualify them from participating.

Read: Everything to Know About the Blue Doberman

White Doberman

White Doberman

The white Doberman is a rare breed, with white or light-colored cream fur. This breed, which is regarded as a partial albino Doberman, is the result of inbreeding. The first reported birth of an albino Doberman was on Nov. 10, 1976, named Sheba. Any white Dobermans born today as descendants of Sheba.

Now, white Dobermans are prone to both behavioral and health problems. For example, they are photosensitive, suffering from both skin and eyesight issues. Poor vision means unawareness of their environment, which can cause them to become aggressive out of fear. Some countries have banned the admittance of white Dobermans.

Since they are prone to so many health issues, breeders have been advised not to breed the white Dobermans. Although white Dobermans are unusual, prospective owners must learn everything they can about this dog breed and the expected medical costs that come with their care.

This isn’t to discourage potential Doberman owners from taking in a white Doberman. After all, some white Dobermans are just fine with a great temperament. It’s essential to look for a reputable white Doberman breeder who conducts regular health testing on their canines.

Related: Everything to know about a White Doberman

All-Black Doberman

All-black Dobermans (also called melanistic) are rare but can be seen. These Dobermans are totally black, with no rust colors on their coat. This is another breed, like the white Doberman, that should not be bred. Reputable breeders take to heart the reasons not to produce an all-black Doberman. Those reasons are similar to the white Doberman canine.

Training Tips for Doberman Pinschers

While training principles remain consistent, tailoring methods to suit individual temperaments is essential. Dobermans, regardless of their color, respond well to positive reinforcement and consistent training.

Health Considerations Across Colors

Certain colors may be associated with specific health considerations. Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for maintaining the overall health of a Doberman, regardless of its coat color.

Standard Colors of Doberman Pinschers

The standard colors recognized by breed standards include Black and Rust, Blue and Rust, Red and Rust, and Fawn and Rust. Each color combination contributes to the distinctive appearance of the Doberman pinscher dog.

Grooming Tips for Different Colors

Grooming practices may vary based on coat color. Tailoring grooming routines to suit the specific needs of different colors helps in maintaining the health and shine of Doberman coats.

Choosing the Right Color for Your Lifestyle

When selecting a Doberman, factors such as shedding, visibility, and personal preference should be considered. Finding the perfect match between the owner and the Doberman color enhances the overall experience.

doberman pinscher dog Rescues and Adoption

Adopting Dobermans with diverse coat colors from rescues is a commendable choice. These dogs, regardless of their color, have unique qualities and are in need of loving homes.


In conclusion, the Doberman pinscher dog is a breed that not only excels in intelligence and loyalty but also boasts a captivating array of colors and coat types. Whether a classic Black and Rust or a rare White Doberman, each dog brings its own uniqueness to the table. Celebrating this diversity enhances our appreciation for the remarkable doberman pinscher dog breed.

FAQs: Unveiling More about Doberman Colors

Are White Dobermans rare?

Yes, White Dobermans are considered rare. This coloration is the result of a genetic mutation, and responsible breeding practices are essential.

Do different colors affect a Doberman’s health?

While certain colors may be associated with specific health considerations, regular veterinary check-ups are crucial for maintaining the overall health of a Doberman.

Can I find Dobermans with unique markings in rescues?

Yes, rescues may have Dobermans with unique markings. Adopting rescues is a wonderful way to give these dogs a loving home.

Do different coat colors affect shedding in Dobermans?

Coat color can influence shedding patterns to some extent, and it’s worth considering when choosing a Doberman based on your lifestyle and preferences.

Is there a preferred color for Doberman show dogs?

Show standards typically recognize the standard colors, but preferences may vary. The key is to prioritize health, temperament, and responsible breeding over specific colors in show dogs.